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International Union of Electrical Workers (IUE), Local 755 Records

Identifier: MS-79

Scope and Contents

The records within the IUE Local #755 collection are divided into eight series. Series I, Administrative Bodies, is further divided into eight subseries depending upon origin of the records. Subseries 1 contains the Minutes of the Regular Membership Meetings, 1938-1970. The minutes of the Executive Board of Local #755 are found in Subseries 2, 1938-1970. Subseries 3 contains the minutes of the Shop Committee, 1942-1964. Subseries 4 is composed of the Shop Steward's Council Minutes, 1947-1974. Subseries 5 contains the minutes of the IUE GM Conference Board, 1950-1959, and Subseries 6 is composed of various materials from IUE conventions including proceedings, resolutions, reports, and correspondence.

Series II, Negotiations and Agreements, contains records of employee and union grievances, union and management proposals, negotiations proceedings and notes, contracts and agreements between the company and the union, umpire decisions in the case of grievances and procedures, and summaries of contract gains. These negotiation materials cover nearly the entire range of workman's rights and privileges. The span dates for this series range from 1942-1972.

Series III, Occupation Descriptions, contains occupation and job descriptions, and wage and rate charts.

Series IV, Union Election Materials, is composed of election notices, candidate propaganda, ballots, lists of candidates, and tally sheets for IUE elections on both the local and national levels, 1946-1967.

Series V, Correspondence, is a chronological arrangement of Local #755's correspondence files, which reflect the interaction with its members for assistance, politicians, other locals, District 7, Dayton-Miami Valley AFL-CIO, the state and national governing organizations, and community welfare organizations. Of special interest are the correspondence files relating to strikes. The span dates for this series range from 1940-1974.

Series VI, Financial Records, are financial statements and materials for IUE Local #755, 1945, 1947, 1956-1974, financial statements for the Montgomery County CIO Council, 1954-1955, 1958-1959, financial statements for IUE District #7, 1955-1956, and the Budget Committee Minutes, 1959.

Educational materials and programs comprise the bulk of the material in Series VII. Other materials include labor issues and events literature, leadership training, manuals, instructions on grievance procedures, records of education classes, teacher guides, educational meeting reports, Committee on Political Education (COPE) materials, labor rights and benefits information, quiz programs, and time studies. The span dates for this series range from 1938-1962.

Series VIII, Information Bulletins and Publications, contains notices to union members on union activities and events and a wide array of printed materials from the IUE and other inter union affiliates. These materials are mostly in the form of a regularly published newsletter. The span dates for this collection range from 1948-1967.

The basic arrangement of the various files is chronological within each series.


  • Creation: 1938-1974


Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on accessing material in this collection, however due to preservation concerns, original audio reels in the collection cannot be played in the reading room. Patrons may have access to reference copies. Items without reference copies can be digitized at the request of patron for the cost of creating a digital copy. Please provide at least two weeks advance notice if requesting audio reference copies. USe of digitized content is subject to conditions governing use.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright restrictions may apply. Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.

Historical Note

This brief agency history is drawn almost verbatim from a history of IUE #755 found in an introduction to a study course on grievance procedures. This material can be found in Series VII, Educational Materials, folders 62 1 and 63 10.

Organization of the Local Union began in July of 1936 when the International Union sent an organizer, James Pascoe, to Delco Products to assist in the plant organization. By April of 1937, there were forty members in what was known then Local #803. During 1937, the General Motors "sit down" strikes occurred in Detroit which added impetus to the organizational drive in Dayton. By the end of 1937, Local #803 had swelled its ranks to about 800 members. At the same time, a five man union committee was established and recognized by Delco Products to handle employee grievances.

At nearly the same time the union was effectively organizing in the plant, massive layoffs took place. Because of the layoffs and resulting short time operations, the union organization drive was dealt a severe blow. The membership dropped to 225 members in 1938 which necessitated an amalgamation with Local #801 (Frigidaire) in order to maintain an effective union organization. By the beginning of 1939, employment was on the upswing and the union embarked on a greater enlistment effort than before. The five man union committee continued to handle grievances and other problems with the company.

The local union steadily increased in numbers and by 1940 about 1200 workers had joined. A National Labor Relation Board Certification election was held in June 1940 and the union won the election. As provided by National Labor Relation Board Certification, the union negotiating committee was to thereafter sit with the company and negotiate new rates for all jobs in the plant. In addition, job descriptions covering all jobs within the bargaining unit were negotiated. These job descriptions outlined the types of work to be performed in each classification.

On June 17, 1941, the first National Agreement between General Motors and the various electrical divisions of G.M., including Delco Products, was signed. The local unions covered by this agreement included locals at Delco Products, Frigidaire, and Moraine. This agreement provided, for the first time at Delco Products, for union representatives (committeemen and alternates), nondiscrimination against employees in the union, and a prescribed grievance procedure.

To further bolster the position of the union, another National Agreement was signed November 2, 1942. Certain sections of this agreement were the result of the War Labor Board Directive Orders. This board was an agency established by the federal government to handle labor disputes during the war with the power to force both unions and industry to abide by its decisions in cases of stalemate between labor and management.

During the latter part of 1945 new wage negotiations were opened between the union and General Motors. Negotiations continued until the middle of January 1946 when they were deadlocked and as a result a strike of the electrical sections of General Motors, including Delco Products, was staged. This strike lasted until February of 1946 with the union gaining wage increases. The history of IUE Local #755 since the end of World War II can be considered as an effort to provide for and represent labor, purge "communist" agitators from its ranks, and to enlighten labor as to their position and responsibilities.

The International Union of Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers is an affiliate of the AFL CIO. A charter was granted to the IUE at the 11th Constitutional Convention of the Congress of Industrial Organizations held in Cleveland in September, 1949. At the same CIO convention, the UE (Union of Electrical Workers) was expelled for refusing to take action against the communist infiltration that allegedly controlled the policy and actions of that organization.

In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged to become AFL-CIO.


21.67 linear feet (52 document cases)

Language of Materials



International Union of Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers, Local 755 was formed in 1940 to represent the workers at the DELCO plant in Dayton, Ohio. The records consist of minutes of the regular membership meetings, minutes of the Executive Board, Shop Committee minutes, shop stewards' minutes, records of negotiations and agreements, grievances, wage charts, union election materials, hiring and layoff lists, information on strikes, correspondence, financial records, educational materials, newsletters, and other union literature.


The records are arranged into 8 series:

Series I:
Administrative Bodies
Subseries 1:
Minutes of the Regular Membership Meetings, 1938-1970
Subseries 2:
Executive Board Minutes, 1938-1970
Subseries 3:
Shop Committee Minutes, 1942-1974
Subseries 4:
Steward’s Council Minutes, 1947-1974
Subseries 5:
IUE-GM Conference Board, 1950-1959
Subseries 6:
Convention Materials
Series II:
Negotiations and Agreements
Series III:
Occupation Descriptions
Series IV:
Union Election Materials
Series V:
Series VI:
Financial Records
Series VII:
Educational Materials and Programs
Series VIII:
Information Bulletins and Publications

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The records of the International Union of Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers Local #755 were accessioned into the Wright State University Archives and Special Collections Department by the Ohio Labor History Project in January of 1979.

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Separated Materials

Issues of Delco Doings were separated to the Reading Room. Call number HD9710.U54 D44 (

Issues of "The Labor Union" newspaper dated 1968 were removed due to acidic state. The issues are available on microfilm (

Issues of "Dayton CIO News" newspaper dated 1947-1948, 1955-1956, 1959 were removed due to acidic state. These issues are available on microfilm (

Issues of the Union Register (Dayton, Ohio), 1950-1951 were separated to the Reading Room.

Guide to the International Union of Electrical Workers (IUE), Local 755 Records (MS-79)
David Gray
1979 May
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Revision Statements

  • 1994: Additions processed by Larry Menosky
  • 2017 February: Finding aid revised according to DACS

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository

Wright State University Libraries
Special Collections and Archives
3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy
Dayton OH 45435-0001 USA