National Cash Register (NCR) Collection
Scope and Content
The National Cash Register Collection documents the history of an important manufacturing firm in Dayton, Ohio from its beginnings in 1884 up to its centennial in 1984. Through this collection, researchers can follow the financial evolution of the company, view many of the products it produced in the first hundred years, and gain insight into the effect the company had on its neighborhood.
Series I: NCR Publications The NCR publications include the Annual Reports of the National Cash Register Company from 1931 to 1982. Series I also contains a Centennial History (1884-1984) published in 1984 and a tribute to founder John H. Patterson delivered on the hundredth anniversary of his birth, December 13, 1944.
Series II: NCR Product Literature The product literature includes sales brochures for various models of cash registers, accounting files, and switchboard machines produced by the National Cash Register Company between 1884 and 1984.
Series III: NCR Photographs & Slides Photographs (3) of the interior of the National Cash Register buildings in Dayton, Ohio and Lantern slides (12) of the neighborhood surrounding the National Cash Register Company in Dayton, Ohio.
- Creation: 1897-1984
- National Cash Register Company (Organization)
Restrictions on Access
There are no restrictions on accessing materials in this collection.
Restrictions on Use
Copyright restrictions may apply. Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
History of the National Cash Register Company
In 1884 John H. Patterson and his brother Frank J. Patterson founded the National Cash Register Company (NCR) when they purchased the National Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio, which produced the first mechanical cash registers invented by James Ritty in 1879. Under the leadership of John H. Patterson, NCR became one of the first modern American companies, introducing new, aggressive sales methods and business techniques, and a comprehensive social welfare program for its factory workers.
Significant events in NCR's first century include: the establishment of the first sales training school in 1893; the creation of the first electric powered cash register invented by Charles Kettering in 1906; being found guilty of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1912 and acquitted in 1915; becoming a publicly owned company in 1926; the acquisition of Computer Research Corporation in 1953; the introduction of their first transistor-based computer in 1957; and the introduction of MICR (Magnetic Ink Character Recognition) in the 1950s.
During its first century NCR was also concerned with the welfare of its employees, the city of Dayton, and the nation. In the 1890s company benefits for employees included hot lunches, a glass factory to improve lighting and ventilation, baths, showers, exercise programs, and social and professional clubs. During the 1913 Dayton flood the company built flat-bottomed boats, erected a tent city for the homeless, and dispensed food and medical care to the city's residents. During World War I the company built shell fuses and aircraft instrumentation and during World War II it built aero-engines, bomb sights, and code-breaking machines including the American Bombe designed by Dayton's Joseph Desch. NCR was also a strong supporter of the "Beautiful City" program.
Since 1984 NCR has become a technology company specializing in point-of-sale terminals, automatic teller machines, check processing systems, and barcode scanners. The company is also one of the largest providers of IT maintenance support services. NCR was acquired by AT&T in 1991, but became an independent company again in 1997. In 2008 NCR was still an important Dayton company with over 25,000 employees worldwide generating over $6 trillion in revenue. In 2010 NCR moved its world headquarters out of Dayton and relocated it in the state of Georgia.
0.5 linear feet
Language of Materials
The collection documents the history of an important manufacturing firm in Dayton, Ohio from its beginnings in 1884 up to its centennial in 1984. Through this collection, researchers can follow the financial evolution of the company, view many of the products it produced in the first hundred years, and gain insight into the effect the company had on its neighborhood. Included are annual reports, product literature, photographs, and lantern slides.
Statement of Arrangement
The National Cash Register Collection is organized into 3 series:
- Series I: NCR Publications
- Series II: NCR Product Literature
- Series III: NCR Photographs & Slides
The National Cash Register Collection was given to Wright State University Special Collections and Archives by Professor Carl Becker in 1990s. The collection was donated to the archives because of the strong connection between NCR and Wright State University. Two former NCR CEO's, Stanley C. Allyn and Robert S. Oelman, contributed to the founding of Wright State University and are the men for whom Allyn Hall and Oelman Hall are named.
- Guide to the National Cash Register (NCR) Collection (MS-373)
- Finding aid prepared by Steven R. Knapp, March 2008
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Special Collections Repository
Special Collections and Archives
3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy
Dayton OH 45435-0001 USA